block by mbostock 3019563

Margin Convention

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First define the margin object with properties for the four sides (clockwise from the top, as in CSS).

var margin = {top: 20, right: 10, bottom: 20, left: 10};

Then define width and height as the inner dimensions of the chart area.

var width = 960 - margin.left - margin.right,
    height = 500 - - margin.bottom;

Lastly, define svg as a G element that translates the origin to the top-left corner of the chart area.

var svg ="body").append("svg")
    .attr("width", width + margin.left + margin.right)
    .attr("height", height + + margin.bottom)
    .attr("transform", "translate(" + margin.left + "," + + ")");

With this convention, all subsequent code can ignore margins. For example, to create x and y scales, simply say:

var x = d3.scale.linear()
    .range([0, width]);

var y = d3.scale.linear()
    .range([height, 0]);

If you want to add axes to the chart, they will be positioned correctly by default in the “left” and “top” orientations. For “right” or “bottom” orientation, translate the axis G element by the width or height, respectively.

Updated Example →